Now the phenomenon of diabetes is a “tsunami” phenomenon, and the number of patients with diabetes is increasing. It will inevitably bring some panic to healthy people. It is understood that China’s adult diabetes patients are close to 100 million. Many people know that diabetes is terrible, but how to prevent it and how to treat it, many people know little about it. Therefore, we need to understand diabetes seriously, and then we can do reasonable prevention in our daily life. Therefore, experts have also developed a lot of prevention for diabetes.
- Promote dietary balance
Regardless of the disease, good diets have a preventive effect, so natural foods rich in cellulose such as cereals, fruits, and vegetables should be preferred. Regulate your diet and avoid excessive energy intake. Diet control salt should also pay attention to, and do not ignore the more salty foods, such as MSG, chicken, soy sauce, sauce tofu, pickles, pickles, kimchi, puffed food. Studies have shown that cellulose can promote intestinal peristalsis, discharge residual metabolic waste, and do a good job of intestinal cleansing. How to prevent diabetes from happening? The benefits of cellulose on intestinal function are also manifested in the regulation of intestinal hormones and are beneficial to lipid metabolism and carbohydrate metabolism.
- Don’t drink alcohol
A new study shows that alcohol abuse increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes because alcohol abuse can disrupt insulin function. Alcohol can cause fluctuations in blood sugar. When drinking alcohol on an empty stomach, severe hypoglycemia can occur, and drunkenness can often mask the performance of hypoglycemia, which is difficult to detect. This is very dangerous. In daily life, it is recommended that you avoid drinking alcohol, and you should control the amount of drinking when you are just drinking.
- Control fat and cholesterol intake
Scientists at Minnesota State University spent 15 years interviewing 3,000 young people and found that people who ate more than two times a week in fast food grew faster. And obesity is one of the main causes of diabetes. It is not advisable to eat foods and animal fats containing high cholesterol, such as the animal brain, liver, heart, lung, waist, egg yolk, fat, butter, pig, sheep and sheep oil, etc. These foods tend to increase blood lipids and are prone to atherosclerosis. Excessive fat can easily lead to obesity, so you must be careful when eating fat and cholesterol. Try to avoid high-temperature cooking such as food frying.
- Walking after eating
People who sit for 6-8 hours a day are 19% more likely to develop diabetes. Therefore, exercise is also a method of treating diabetes and is a means of adjuvant drug therapy. The amount of exercise for half an hour after a meal can be selected according to age and hobbies, such as walking, medium-speed walking, radio exercise, Tai Chi, stair climbing, cycling, etc. Walking 4 hours a week, 35 minutes a day, can reduce the risk of diabetes by 80%. A 150-minute aerobic exercise should be performed every week for 5 to 6 days, or about 30 minutes per day. How to prevent diabetes from happening? In all sports, the walking is the most widely used, regardless of the venue and time limit, it is safer, the pace and pace can be adjusted by itself, and the damage to the joint is small.
- Weight loss
National guidelines for diabetes prevention have defined the relationship between obesity, overweight and diabetes, not only diabetes, but also various metabolic abnormalities, and the more overweight, the greater the risk of illness. How to prevent diabetes from happening? As long as you can lose weight, you can benefit. After adulthood, the main fat in the waist and abdomen. Some people have a normal body mass index, but the waist and abdomen have more fat. Through reasonable exercise, the first reduction in the fat in the waist and abdomen. Simply dieting, not exercising may not reduce fat, and may also lose muscle. People have less muscle and blood sugar may be more unstable.
- Drinking coffee in moderation
Drinking coffee can reduce the risk of diabetes. Professor Tian Hui explained that the role of coffee in diuretic can also refresh the body and help the body burn a part of the calories, which is good for promoting metabolism. How to prevent diabetes from happening? But drink coffee in moderation, no more than 3 cups per day, otherwise there is a risk of decalcification, which will cause osteoporosis. In addition, it is better to drink early and get rid of excess water in the body, and it is soberer in the morning.
- Diabetes complications
- Diabetic cardio-cerebral vascular disease
People with diabetes are often associated with high blood lipids, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, and are highly susceptible to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
- Diabetic nephropathy
Diabetic nephropathy is a disease that is extremely harmful to people with diabetes.
- Diabetic eye disease
There are seven common types of eye diseases complicated by diabetes: diabetic retinopathy, diabetic pigmented membrane disease, diabetic cataract, diabetic optic nerve changes, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic glaucoma, and diabetic refractive changes.
- Diabetic neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy is a general term for various lesions of diabetes in the nervous system.
You should pay more attention to blood sugar after 45 years old. 1-hour postprandial blood glucose normal value: blood glucose 6.7-9.4 mmol/liter. It does not exceed a maximum of 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dl). Experts suggest that people who are 45 years old, obese, have a family history of diabetes, and high cholesterol and high blood pressure should pay more attention to blood sugar. In addition to paying attention to these points, we must also pay attention to climate change and increase or decrease clothing in a timely manner; we need to maintain an optimistic attitude. The most important thing is to properly increase outdoor sports, strengthening exercise, improve our physical fitness, enhance immunity, and protect our health. Eat well and be good, easy to prevent diabetes, healthy and unhealthy, you have the final decision.